Lymph nodes of the upper extremity

The upper extremities are axillary (nodi lymphatici axillares) and second lymph nodes (nodi lymphatici cubitales). Both groups are subdivided into superficial and deep lymph nodes.

Medial surface of the forearm and hand serve the medial superficial lymph vessels, some of which empties into the axillary nodes are superficial, and the other part of the surface-elbow. Efferent lymph vessels of the past are central superficial lymph nodes (nodi lymphatici centralis superficiales). Lymph from the lateral surface of the shoulder, forearm and hand is on the lateral vessels that supply it to the deep axillary lymph nodes. The deep lymphatic vessels accompany the deep arteries and veins and carry lymph from the hand and forearm to the elbow lymph nodes, where it enters the deep axillary nodes. In the deep axillary lymph nodes is also going on the upper parts of the anterior abdominal wall, the wall of the chest cavity and the lateral part of the breast. Efferent vessels of the axillary nodes form the subclavian trunk (trancus subclavius), which empties into the left side of the thoracic duct, and right - the right lymphatic duct.

List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)