The skeleton of the lower extremity

In the skeleton of the lower extremity are isolated lower extremity (hip bones) and the free portion of the lower limb (paired femur, patella, tibia bones - the tibia and fibula - the bones of the foot).

Pair pelvic bone (os coxae), forming a belt of the lower extremity (cingulum membri inferioris), in turn, consists of a fused pubic (os pubis), ilium (os ilium) and ischium (os ischii) bones. Together with the sacrum and the coccyx bone, they form the basis of the pelvis. To adolescence (14-17 years) make up the pelvic bone, pubis, iliac and ischial bones are separate, joined together by cartilage.

In Fig. 39.
Pelvic bone and the skeleton of the free portion of the lower extremity
1 - the sacrum;
2 - pelvic bone;
3 - tibia;
4 - patella;
5 - fibula;
6 - the tibia;
7 - foot bones

List of Abbreviations

a., aa. — arteria, arteriae (artery, the artery)

lig., ligg. — ligamentum, ligamenta (ligament, the ligaments)

m., mm. — musculus, musculi (muscle, the muscle)

n., nn. — nervus, nervi (nerve, the nerve)

r., rr. — ramus, rami (branch)

s. — seu (or)

v., vv. — vena, venae (vienna)